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dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, N
dc.contributor.authorFitzpatrick, P
dc.contributor.authorOkafor, I
dc.contributor.authorRyan, S
dc.contributor.authorHensey, O
dc.contributor.authorNicholson, A J
dc.date.accessioned2011-02-22T14:54:21Z
dc.date.available2011-02-22T14:54:21Z
dc.date.issued2010-07
dc.identifier.citationLap belt injuries in children., 103 (7):216-8 Ir Med Jen
dc.identifier.issn0332-3102
dc.identifier.pmid20845604
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/122672
dc.description.abstractThe use of adult seat belts without booster seats in young children may lead to severe abdominal, lumbar or cervical spine and head and neck injuries. We describe four characteristic cases of lap belt injuries presenting to a tertiary children's hospital over the past year in addition to a review of the current literature. These four cases of spinal cord injury, resulting in significant long-term morbidity in the two survivors and death in one child, arose as a result of lap belt injury. These complex injuries are caused by rapid deceleration characteristic of high impact crashes, resulting in sudden flexion of the upper body around the fixed lap belt, and consequent compression of the abdominal viscera between the lap belt and spine. This report highlights the dangers of using lap belts only without shoulder straps. Age-appropriate child restraint in cars will prevent these injuries.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subject.meshAccidents, Traffic
dc.subject.meshChild
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschool
dc.subject.meshFemale
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshInfant
dc.subject.meshMagnetic Resonance Imaging
dc.subject.meshMale
dc.subject.meshSeat Belts
dc.subject.meshSpinal Cord Injuries
dc.subject.meshSpinal Fractures
dc.titleLap belt injuries in children.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalIrish medical journalen
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-22T11:18:29Z
html.description.abstractThe use of adult seat belts without booster seats in young children may lead to severe abdominal, lumbar or cervical spine and head and neck injuries. We describe four characteristic cases of lap belt injuries presenting to a tertiary children's hospital over the past year in addition to a review of the current literature. These four cases of spinal cord injury, resulting in significant long-term morbidity in the two survivors and death in one child, arose as a result of lap belt injury. These complex injuries are caused by rapid deceleration characteristic of high impact crashes, resulting in sudden flexion of the upper body around the fixed lap belt, and consequent compression of the abdominal viscera between the lap belt and spine. This report highlights the dangers of using lap belts only without shoulder straps. Age-appropriate child restraint in cars will prevent these injuries.


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