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dc.contributor.authorMcEachern, Jasmine
dc.contributor.authorAdye-White, Lauren
dc.contributor.authorPriest, Kelsey C
dc.contributor.authorMoss, Eloise
dc.contributor.authorGorfinkel, Lauren
dc.contributor.authorWood, Evan
dc.contributor.authorCullen, Walter
dc.contributor.authorKlimas, Jan
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-02T09:03:38Z
dc.date.available2019-04-02T09:03:38Z
dc.date.issued2019-02-01
dc.identifier.issn1873-4758
dc.identifier.pmid30551003
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.08.006
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/624153
dc.description.abstractOpioid agonist therapy (OAT) is a first-line treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD); however, the efficacy and role of urine drug screening (UDS) in OAT has received little research attention. Prior evidence suggests that UDS frequency reflects philosophy and practice context rather than differences in patient characteristics or clinical need. Therefore, we reviewed the literature on the effect of and recommendations for the frequency of UDS on health outcomes for persons with OUD who receive OAT. We searched Medline and EMBASE for articles published from 1995-2017. Search results underwent double, independent review with discrepancies resolved through discussion with a third reviewer, when necessary. Additional articles were identified through snowball searching, hand searching (Google Scholar), and expert consultation. The Cochrane tool was used to assess risk of bias. Of the 60 potentially eligible articles reviewed, only one three-arm randomized open-label trial, comparing weekly and monthly UDS testing with take-home OAT doses, met our inclusion criteria. Our review identified an urgent gap in research evidence underpinning an area of clinical importance and that is routinely reported by patients as an area of concern.
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjecthospitalizationen_US
dc.subjectDRUGS MISUSEen_US
dc.subjectADDICTIONen_US
dc.subjectURINE TESTINGen_US
dc.titleLacking evidence for the association between frequent urine drug screening and health outcomes of persons on opioid agonist therapy.en_US
dc.typeSystematic Reviewen_US
dc.source.journaltitleThe International journal on drug policy


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